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Plant List

This list is still in the process of being edited. It is not everything that we are currently working on but gives a good idea of most of the species that we grow.

 

 

Scientific Name

Common Name

Blossom

Sun

Water

Form

Size (hw)

Native range

Comments

   

Abutilon abutiloides

Shrubby Desert Mallow

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Full sun, butterfly larval lost, great bee plant

   

Abutilon incanum

Indian Mallow

White w/Purple

Sun

Low

Sh

6’ x 6’

2000-4000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Full sun, butterfly host, semi-evergreen, white and pink blossoms

   

Abutilon mollicomum

Sonoran mallow

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium

Sh

5’ x 2’

2000’ - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Huge fuzzy white leaves, unusual Abutilon sp., upright grown habit, butterfly larval

   

Abutilon palmeri

Palmer Mallow, Indian Mallow

Yellow

Sun, AftSh

Low

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

1000-3000', Pinal County Native - Central Arizona

Tough drought survivor, apricot blossoms, needs warm microclimate

   

Abutilon parishii

Parish’s Mallow

Yellow

Sun, partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

State listed rare plant - grow for conservation, butterfly larval source, attractive plant

   

Abutilon parvulum

Dwarf desert mallow

Yellow

Partial

Low

Gr

1’ x 2’

3000’ - 5000’, Santa Catalina Native

Small Groundcover, butterfly larval plant, good bee plant

   

Acacia angustissima

Fernball Acacia, Whiteball Acacia

White

Sun, PtSh

Medium

Sh

4’ x 4’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Huge butterfly larval source, great bee nectar source, attractive clumping shrub

   

Acacia belandieri

Guajillo

White

Sun

Low

Lg Sh

10’ x 12’

1000-3000 ft, w. TX, ne Mexico

Well-drained soil, deciduous

   

Acacia constricta

Whitethorn Acacia

Yellow

Sun

Low

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

10’ x 15’

1500 - 5000’, Tucson Native

Full sun, well-drained soil, caliche ok, very tough, butterfly larval source

   

Acacia farnesiana (syn Acacia smallii)

Sweet Acacia

Yellow

Sun

Low

Lg Sh, Tr

15-20’

Rare in the wild in southern Arizona, up to 4000’

Yellow fragrant blossoms, fast grower, good shade tree

   

Acacia greggii

Catclaw Acacia

Yellow

Sun

Low

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

10’x 15’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Very tough, huge butterfly larval plant, great pollinator nectar source, mature trees have alot of character

   

Acacia millefolia

Santa Rita Acacia

White

Sun, PtSh

Low

Lg Sh

5 - 10’ Tall

Rincon, Santa Rita & Pajarito Mtn Native, 3500 - 5000’

Somewhat rare in the wild, beautiful flowers, great small patio tree

   

Acacia neovernicosa

Viscid Acacia

Yellow

Sun

Low

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

10’ x 8’

Cochise County Native - Dragoons Mtns, etc, 2000 - 5000 ft

Similar to Whitethorn Acacia, but upright, different foliage, tough, usually on limestone

   

Acacia occidentalis

Western Acacia

White

Sun

Low

Tr

20 - 30’ Tall

Native to Texas & Mexico

Beautiful large shade tree, rarely used in landscaping, wonderfully fragrant flowers

   

Acacia rigidula

Blackbrush Acacia

Yellow

Sun

Low

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

12’ x 12’

1100-1800ft.  w TX, ne Mexico

On hillsides in wild, slow grower, train to tree form, many types of soil, full sun

   

Acacia roemeriana

Roemer’s Acacia

White

Sun, LtSh

Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 10’

1050-4600ft, s NM, w TX, ne Mexico

Massive, painful thorns, great as a barrier plant or by daughters window

   

Acacia willardiana

Palo blanco

White

Sun

Low

Sm Tr

20’ x 10’

Sonora, Mexico

Slightly frost sensitive, likes nice warm spot, great specimen tree

   

Achilllea millefolium

White Yarrow

White or Pink

Partial or Shade

Medium

WF, GC

2' x 1-2'

5500-11500', Santa Catalina native, otherwise widespread

Spreading, white blossoms, full sun with mor ewater, spreads through runners, medicinal, tolerates various soils

   

Acourtia thurberi

Thurber’s perezia

Pink

Partial

Low

Sh

4’ x 3’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Showy in bloom (monsoon season), great butterfly nectar source

   

Acourtia wrightii

Brownfoot, Perezia

Pink

Partial

Low

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Pink flowers attract butterflies, January to June

   

Agastache barberi

Barber’s Horsemint

Purple

Partial

Medium

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

4000 - 5500’, Santa Cruz County Native

Foliage has little or no odor, but flowers are very showy and brightly colored

   

Agastache pallidiflora var. neomexicana

New Mexico Horsemint

Pink

Partial

Medium

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

5000 - 9000’, Chiricihua Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated

   

Agastache ruprestrus

Horse Mint

Orange & Purple

PtSh

Medium

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

3500 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Santa Rita Mtn Native

State listed rare plant - leaves smell incredible, makes a good tea

   

Agastache wrightii

Wright’s Horsemint

Purple

PtSh

Medium

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

3500 - 6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Foliages has strong mint scent, makes good tea

   

Agave bovicornuta

Cow Horn Agave, Lechuguilla verde

Yellow

AfSh

Low

Su

3’ x 3’

3000-6000’, Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua

Requires wd soil, filtered sun or afternoon shade preferred at lower elev. Moderate growth rate.  Yellow blossom

   

Agave chrysantha

Goldenflowered Agave

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Su

3’ - 5’

3000’ - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Our local agave, rather xeric, bright yellow blooms

   

Agave colorata

Mescal Ceniza

Yellow

Sun, AfSh

Low

Su

3’ x 3’

Native to Sonora

Full sun or partial shade,  offsets easily, moderate growth rate.  Tolerates full sun at lower desert elevations, yellow blossoms

   

Agave deserti var. deserti

Desert agave

Yellow to White

Sun

Low

Su

2’ x 2’

1000 - 4000’, Western Arizona

Yellow flowers, forms colonies to 10ft diameter

   

Agave deserti var. simplex

Desert agave

Yellow to White

Sun

Low

Su

2’ x 2’

2500 - 4000’, Silverbell Mtn Native

Tight rosette, quite xeric Agave

   

Agave mckelveyana

 

Yellow

Sun

Low

Su

3’ x 3’

1000 - 5000’, Western Arizona

Very drought and cold tolerant

   

Agave murpheyi

Murphy’s Agave, Hohokam Agave

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Su

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4000’, Pinal & Maricopa Cty Native

Produces bulbils, traditional Native American food/fiber plant

   

Agave neomexicana

New Mexico agave

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Su

3’ x 3’

NM, 1400-7000’

Very drought & cold tolerant, slow growing

   

Agave ocahui

 

Yellow

Partial

Low

Su

2-3' x 2-3'

1500-4500', Sonora MX

Attractive rosette, no marginal spines, cold tolerant

   

Agave palmeri

Palmer Agave

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Su

3’ - 5’

3000-6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Santa Rita Mtn Native

Bat pollinated

   

Agave parassana

 

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Su

2' x 2'

 

Frost hardy to about 15 degrees

   

Agave parryi v. cousii

Couse’s Agave

Yellow

PtSh

Low

Su

3' x 3'

4000-7500', Santa Catalina Native

Evergreen, protect from afternoon sun in lower desert

   

Agave parryi v. parryi

Parry’s Agave

Yellow

Sun, AfSh

Low

Su

2’ x 3’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Rita & Huachuca Mtn Native

     

Agave parryi ssp. truncata

Artichoke Agave

Yellow

Sun, FilSun, AftSh

Low

Su

2-3' x 2-3'

Sierra Madre Native

Attractive rosette

   

Agave parviflora

Littleflowered Agave

Yellow

Sun, FilSun, AftSh

Low

Sm Su

1’ x 1’

4000 - 5000’, Pajarito & Atascosa Mtns (Santa Cruz Cty)

State listed rare plant, nice small agave

   

Agave pelona

Mescal Pelon

Red to White

Sun, partial

Low

Su

2’ x 2’

Sonora, Mexico

Graceful plant, no marginal spines, cold hardy to about 22 degrees

   

Agave schottii

Shin dagger

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sm Su

1’ x 1’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Spreads into colonies, bat pollinated

   

Agave striata

 

White

Sun, PtSh

Low

Su

2' x 2'

NE Mexico

Tough plant, extremely drought tolerant once established

   

Agave toumeyana

 

White

Sun

Low

Su

2-3' x 2-3'

2000 - 5000’, Maricopa & Pinal Counties

     

Agave utahensis

Utah Agave

 

Sun

Low

Su

1’ x 1’

3000 - 7500’, Northern Arizona Native

Most cold hardy agave

   

Agave victoria-reginae

Queen Victoria Agave

6-8

Sun, PtSh

Low

Sm Su

1’ x 1’

Central Mexico

Cold Tolerant to about 18 degrees

   

Agave vilmoriniana

Octopus Agave

Yellow

Partial

Low

Lg Su

4’ x 4’

Sonora, Mexico

Cold tolerant to about 25 degrees

   

Albizia sinaloensis

Sinaloa Silk Tree

White

Sun/Partial

Medium

Tr

20’ Tall

Sinaloa, Mex

Semi-evergreen. Foliage damage in mid 20s. Large trees at U of A  

   

Aloysia gratissima

Fragrant Bee brush

White

Sun, PtSh

Low

Lg Sh

4’ - 6’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Cruz County Native

Extremely drought tolerant once established, cold hardy, fragrant flowers, great nectar plant

   

Aloysia wrightii

Oreganillo, Wright’s Bee Brush

White

Sun, PtSh

Low

Sh

3’ - 4’

2500’ - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Fragrant foliage, great nectar source for pollinators

   

Amelanchier utahensis

Serviceberry

White

PtSh

Medium

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

8-15' x 8-15'

2000-7000', native to Sycamore Canyon (Pajarito’s)

Deciduous, white blossoms, berries attract wildlife

   

Ambrosia ambrosioides

Canyon Ragweed

Yellowish

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

5’ x 5’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Relatively evergreen, exudes great smell after a rain, good insect plant

   

Ambrosia cordifolia

Sonoran Bur-sage

Yellowish

Sun, AfSh

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

1000 - 3000’, Tucson Mtn Native

Attractive plant in the early spring with large lush foliage

   

Ambrosia deltoidea

Triangleleaf Bur-sage

Yellowish

Sun

Low

Sm Sh

2’’ x 2’

1000 - 3500’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Extremely tough once established, great for restoration

   

Ambrosia dumosa

White Bur-sage

Yellowish

Sun

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

1000 - 3000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Requires well drained/sandy soil, extremely tough once established

   

Amorpha californica

Califonia false indigo bush

Dark Purple

PtSh

Medium

Sh

5-8’

4500 - 8000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Rather rare in the wild in Arizona, butterfly larval source

   

Amorpha fruticosa

False Indigo Bush

Dark purple

PtSh

Medium

Sh

4-6’

3000-6000', Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source

   

Amsonia grandiflora

 

White

Partial

Med

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

1000 - 4500’, Santa Cruz Cty Native (Pajarito’s)

     

Amoreuxia gonzalezii

Gonzalez’ Saya

Yellow w/Red

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

4000 - 5000’, Santa Rita Mtn Native

Santa Rita Mtn Endemic, rare plant, entire plant is edible, large flowers

   

Amoreuxia palmatifida

Saya

Yellow w/Red

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Rita, Huachuca & Pajarito Mtn Native

Entire plant is edible, large flowers, forms tuber

   

Andropogon saccharoides

Silver Beard Grass

 

Sun, LtSh

Low

Gr

2-3’ bunch

2000-5500’, n to se AZ

Full sun or partial shade, but not in full shade.  wd soil

   

Andropogon scoparius

Little bluestem

 

Sun, AfSh

Low-Medium

Gr

3’ x 3’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Santa Rita Mtn Native

Great accent grass, foliage turns silverish pink in the fall/winter

   

Anisacanthus quadrifidus v. wrightii

Flame Anisacanthus

Dark Orange

Sun/Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 4’

sw TX, n Mexico

Full sun best, caliche ok, tough once established, hummingbird pollinated

   

Anisacanthus thurberi

Desert honeysuckle

Orange or Red

Sun/Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

4’ - 6’

2000-5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, butterfly larval source

   

Antigonon leptopus

Queen’s Wreath, San Miguelito

Red (Rarely white)

Sun

Low

Vine

To 25’ vine

Alamos, Sonora & Baja

Best under 3000’, great bee nectar source, butterfly larval source

   

Aquilegia chrysantha

Golden Columbine

Yellow

Partial

Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

3000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Showy riparian plant, reseeds readily in moist areas

   

Aquilegia triternata

Chiricahua Mountain Columbine

Red and Yellow

Partial

Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Santa Rita Mtn Native

Flowers hang downward, requires good drainage and water

   

Aristida parishii

Parish’s Threeawn

 

Sun/Partial

Low

Gr

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Nice bunchgrass, larger & denser than the Purple Threeawn (A. purpurea)

   

Aristida purpurea

Purple Threeawn

 

Sun

Low

Gr

2’ x 1’

1000’-5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Great spring bloomer, flower spikes have purplish hue

   

Aristia ternipes var. gentilis

Threeawn spidergrass

 

Sun/Partial

Low

Gr

4’ x 2’

2500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great accent grass, nice upright growth habit lends to nice movement in the wind

   

Aristida ternipes var. ternipes

Spidergrass

 

Sun

low

Gr

3’ x 3’

2500’-5500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Tough local grass, very dense bushy plant

   

Aristolochia watsonii

Southwestern Pipevine

Green & Purple

LtSh, Sh

Low

GC, Vine

To 5’

2000’ - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Larval source for Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly, foliage has purplish color, neat plant

   

Artemisia filifolia

Sand Sagebrush

Yellowish

Sun

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

2500-6000’

Evergreen, full sun, wd soil

   

Artemisia ludoviciana

Western Mugwort, Wormwood Sage

Yellowish

Sun/Partial

Medium-Low

GC

2’ x 3’

2000 - 7500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, great accent for silver foliage, spreads into clump

   

Artemisia tridentata

Big Sagebrush

Yellowish

Sun

Low

Sh

5' x 5'

5000-8000', Northern Arizona native

Hard to grow in Tucson, requires well drained soil, rots out easily at lower elevations

   

Asclepias albicans

Giant White-stemmed milkweed

Yellow

Sun

Low

LgSu

5’ - 7’ Tall, upright

Under 2000’, southwestern Arizona

Requires good drainage, a tad frost sensitive, butterfly larval source, very unusual

   

Asclepias angustifolia

Arizona Milkweed

White

PtSh

Medium

Sh

3' x 3'

3500-5500', Santa Catalina Native

Queen & Monarch Butterfly larval source

   

Asclepias asperula

Antelope Horns

White w/Purple

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great looking flowers, butterfly larval source (Queen’s)

   

Asclepias currassavica

Bloodflower

Red or Yellow

Sun, AftSh

Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

Alamos, Sonora

Huge butterfly larval source for both Monarchs & Queens, reseeds readily, frost sensitive

   

Asclepias elata

Nodding Milkweed

Whitish Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 2’

4000 - 6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Requires good drainage, Queen Butterfly larval source, large leaves & flowers

   

Asclepias erosa

(True) Desert Milkweed

Greenish-yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

2’ x 2'

Under 3500’, Western Arizona

Requires good drainage, Monarch & Queen butterfly larval source

   

Asclepias hypoleuca

Mahogany Milkweed

Reddish Purple

Partial

Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

5500 - 7500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Requires good drainage, amazing blooms, regional endemic, butterfly larval

   

Asclepias latifolia

Broad-leaved Milkweed

Yellow

Sun, AftSh

Low

Sm Sh

3' x 2'

3000'-7000', n AZ, plains and mesas

Requires good drainage, Queen butterfly larval source

   

Asclepias lemmonii

Lemmon’s milkweed

White

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

4000 - 5500’, Santa Rita & Chiricahua Native

Huge fuzzy leaves, butterfly larval source, requires well drained soil

   

Asclepias linearis

Pineleaf Milkweed

White

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

4’ x 4’

3000 - 5600’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Likes good drainage, Queen butterfly larval source, nice dense shrub

   

Asclepias nyctaginifolia

Mohave Milkweed

Whitish/Yellow

Sun

Low

Sm Sh

2' x 2'

1500 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Large, attractive flowers, Queen butterfly larval source

   

Asclepias subulata

Reed-stemmed Milkweed, Desert Milkweed

Yellow

Sun

Low

Su

4’ x 2’

0-2500’, NV, w. AZ, Baja, Pima Cty

Drought tolerant and tough, Full sun, evergreen, Can be overwatered, good drainage necessary, Butterfly nectar source and host for Queens and Monarchs

   

Asclepias subverticillata

Horsetail Milkweed

White

Sun, Partial

Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

The #1 Monarch host plant in southern Arizona, tolerate of boggy soil

   

Asclepias tuberosa subsp. interior

Butterfly Weed

Orange (Occasionally Yellow)

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

4000 - 6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Queen Butterfly Larval source, our local variety does not rot as easily

   

Aster bigelovii

 

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2.5’ x 2’

3000-7000’, Pima County native

Reseeds prolifically, full sun, lavender blossoms, deciduous

   

Atriplex canescens

Four-wing saltbush

 

Sun

Low

Lg Sh

5’ x 8’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Tough, outstanding pollinator plant, great for wildlife

   

Atriplex lentiformis var. breweri

Brewer’s Saltbush

 

Sun, partial

Low

Sh

6’ x 6’

1000 - 4000’, Western Arizona

Incredible wildlife & screen plant, fast grower, tough, great for birds

   

Atriplex lentiformis var. lentiformis

Quail Brush

 

Sun, partial

Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 12’

1000 - 3000’, Western Arizona

Incredible wildlife & screen plant, fast grower, tough, great for birds

   

Atriplex linearis

Narrow-leafed saltbush

 

Sun, partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

1000 - 3500’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Great pollinator & wildlife plant, tough

   

Atriplex polycarpa

Littleleaf Saltbush

 

Sun, partial

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

1000 - 3500’, Pima County Native

Great pollinator & wildlife plant, tough

   

Baccharis salicifolia (syn B. glutinosa)

Seep Willow

White

Sun, partial

Medium

Sh

6’ - 10’ Tall & Wide

1000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, great pollinator & insect plant

   

Baccharis sarothroides

Desert Broom

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

1000 - 6000’, Tucson Native despite what people say

The best insect host plant in the desert (over 60 species), great erosion control, pioneer plant

   

Bahia absinthifolia

Desert Bahia

Yellow

Sun

Low

WF, GC

1’ x 1’

1000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Tough plant

   

Baileya multiradiata

Desert Marigold

Yellow

Sun

Low

WF

1.5’ x 1’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Short lived plant, but tends to reseed readily

   

Bauhinia lunaroides (syn. B. conjesta)

Mexican Orchid Bush

White or Pink

Sun, PtSh

Low

Lg Sh

8-15’ x 8-15’

TX (white), n Mexico (pink), thornscrub

Fragrant flowers, great nectar source for butterflies & bees, very showy plant

   

Bebbia juncea

Sweet bush

Yellow

Sun, partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, tough & local

   

Berberis haematocarpa

Red Barberry, Algerita

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

3000’ - 5000’, Pima County Native

Evergreen, tough & xeric, birds like berries, fragrant flowers

   

Bothriochloa barbinodis

Cane Beardgrass

 

Sun, Partial

Low

Gr

3-4’ x 3-4’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great erosion control, large light plumes, good forage value when young, reseeds readily

   

Bouteloua chondrosioides

Sprucetop Grama

 

Sun, AftSh

low

Gr

1.5’ x 1.5’

2500 - 6000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Attractive small bunchgrass, great forage value

   

Bouteloua curtipendula

Sideoats Grama

 

Sun, PtSh

Low

Gr

3’ x 2’

2000 -  7000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, great forage value, tough

   

Bouteloua gracilis

Blue Grama

 

Sun, AftSh

Low

Gr

3’ x 3’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

The highest forage value grass in Arizona, butterfly larval source, very pretty

   

Bouteloua hirsuta

Hairy Grama

 

Sun, PtSh

Low

Gr

2’ x 2’

1000’-6500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Not as full looking as Blue Grama, but more interesting seedheads. Unusual

   

Bouteloua rothrockii

Rothrock grama

 

Sun

Low

Gr

1.5’ x 1.5’

2500’-5500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Very tough

   

Bouvardia glaberrima

Smooth Bouvardia

Red

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

3500 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Santa Rita Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, moth larval source, very showyt

   

Brickellia betonicifolia

Betony-leaved Bricklebush

Yellow

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

4000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Interesting foliage for a Brickellia, good mid-elevation plant for understory

   

Brickellia californica

California bricklebush

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 -6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

     

Brickellia grandiflora

Largeflowered bricklebush

White

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Good pollinator plant, attractive blooms

   

Brickellia venosa

Veined bricklebush

White

Partial

Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Showy plant for the Brickellia’s, attractive blossoms & seedheads

   

Buchloe dactyloides

Buffalograss

 

Partial

Medium

Gr

6” x mat

Rare in Arizona (northern portion of State) - 5500’

Good turf grass possiblity, tortoises love

   

Buddleia marrubifolia

Wolly Butterfly Bush

Orange

Sun

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

se AZ

Tough plant, orange blossoms, full sun

   

Bursera fagarioides

Elephant Tree

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Tr

5’ to 8’ Tall

Once native to Baboquivari Mtns, now just Sonora, Mexico

Intensely fragrant foliage, resin - a good source of Copal

   

Bursera filicifolia

Elephant Tree

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Tr

 

Baja

Very fragrant

   

Bursera microphylla

Elephant Tree

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Tr

6’ x 8’ or more

1000 - 3500’, Native to Pima, Yuma, Pinal & Maricopa Counties

Grows well in pots, or needs warm microclimate, birds like fruits, medicinal

   

Carlowrightia arizonica

Arizona Wrightwort

White w/Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source

   

Caesalpinia cacalaco

Cascalote

Yellow w/red

Sun, Partial

Low

Tr

15’ x 15’

Southern Mexico, s Sinaloa, to 5000’ (?)

Full sun

   

Caesalpinia  mexicana

Mexican Bird-of-Paradise

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Tr

15’ x 18’

mexico

Full sun, decorative patio tree, may attract butterflies and native bees

   

Caesalpinia palmeri

Palmer Bird-of-Paradise

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Tr

6’ x 6’

Sonora, Mexico

     

Caesalpinia platyloba

 

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Tr

6’ - 12’ Tall

Mexico

Large leaves, very pretty plant, hard to find, occasionally available

   

Caesalpinia  pulcherrima

Red Bird-of-Paradise

Red & Orange

Sun

Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 8’

Sonora, Mexico

     

Caesalpinia pumila

Sonoran blackbird

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

Mexico

Slightly frost sensitive, very attractive small Caesalpinia sp., unusual

   

Calliandra californica

Baja Fairyduster

Red

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

Baja

Can die back with cold weather, not as tough as our native but showier

   

Calliandra eriophylla

Fairy Duster

Pink

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 4’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, butterfly larval source, tough, local & easy

   

Calylophus hartwegii

Sundrops

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

WF

2’ x 2’

2500 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Large showy flowers, sphinx moth larval source

   

Carex senta

Swamp Sedge

 

Full,Partial

Medium

Gr

2’ x 2’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great water loving plant in wet areas, very pretty sedge in bloom (large flowerheads)

   

Carnegiea gigantea

Saguaro

White

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

To 40’

se AZ, below 5000’

Slow growing, wd soil, sensitive to root rot, delicious fruits, bat pollinated

   

Carphochaete bigelovii

Bigelow’s Bristleflower

White

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

4000 - 6700’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Star shaped flowers in the late spring, nice compact foliage

   

Cathesticum erectum

False Grama

 

Full

Low

Gr

1’ x 1’

Below 4000’, in Arizona only known from Ragged Top

Spreads by stolons, forms colony, good forage, butterfly larval source, tortoise food

   

Ceanothus greggii

Gregg’s Deerbrush

White

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

5’ x 5’

3500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Evergreen, fragrant spring flowers, butterfly larval source

   

Celtis pallida

Desert Hackberry

White

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

8’ x 10’

1500 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Great wildlife shrub, hedging, mostly evergreen, spiny, erosion control

   

Celtis reticulata

Canyon Hackberry

White

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Tr

15-25’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Attractives over 30 species of birds, big butterfly larval source, slow growing

   

Ceratoides lanata

Winterfat

 

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 1.5’

2000 - 7000’, Cochise & Pima County Native

Valuable forage plant

   

Cercidium floridum

Blue Palo Verde

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Tr

20’ x 25’

1000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Showy Native Tree, somewhat fast growing, good shade tree

   

Cercidium microphyllum

Foothills Palo Verde, Littleleaf Palo Verde

Yellow

Full

Low

Sm Tr

12’ x 15’

1000- 4000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Extremely tough and xeric, slow growing

   

Cercidium praecox

Palo Brea, Sonoran Palo Verde

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Tr

15’ x 15’

Sonora, Mexico

Sculptural shape, attractive smooth green trunk, great specimen tree

   

Cercocarpus breviflorus

Hairy Mountain Mahogany

Flowers have no petals

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Tr

6’ to 12’ Tall

4000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Hairy leaves, our local form, unusual seedpods, beautiful small tree, limestone specialist

   

Cercocarpus montanus

Mountain Mahogany

Flowers have no petals

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

6’ - 12’ Tall

2000 - 7000’, Cochise & Pima County Native

Nice upright growth form, unusual seedpods, beautiful small tree, limestone specialist

   

Chamaebatiaria millefolium

Fern Bush

White

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

4500-8000’, n AZ, NM

Attract butterflies, afternoon shade in low desert, semi-evergreen, white blossoms.

   

Chilopsis linearis

Desert willow

Pink

Sun, Partial

Low

Tr

15’

1500-5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, moth larval source, lightly fragrant flowers

   

Chrysactinia mexicana

Damianita

Yellow

Full

Low

WF, Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

1800-7000’, w TX, NM, ne Mexico

Nice evergreen, fragrant foliage, somewhat tough

   

Cirsium arizonicum

Arizona Thistle

Red

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3’ x 2’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, can reseed

   

Cissus trifoliata

Arizona Grape Ivy

White

Partial

Medium

Vine

5’ - 10’+

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Climbing or groundcover, patial shade or full sun, freezes to ground in low 20s

   

Citrus limatoides

Lima, Mexican Sweet Lime

White

Sun, Partial

Medium

Tr

10 to 15’

Bioregional Heirloom Fruit Trees from Sonora (Magdalena)

Delicious unusual fruit that is eaten fresh like an orange, but tastes like sweet lime

   

Clematis drummondii

Old Man’s Beard, Virgin’s Bower

White

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Vine

6’ to 12’

1000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Prefers partial shade, prolific bloomer, butterfly larval source (Fatal Metalmark)

   

Clematis ligusticifolia

Western White clematis, Western Old Man’s Beard

White

Partial

Medium

vine

To 15’

3000 - 6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source (Fatal Metalmark)

   

Clitoria mariana

Butterfly Pea

Pink

Partial

Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Amazing huge, showy flowers in summer; butterfly larval source

   

Condalia warnockii var. kearneyana

Condalia, Kearney’s Snakeroot

Yellow

Sun

Low

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

8’ x 10’

1000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Edible black berries, great bird plant, nice barrier plant

   

Convolulus equitans

Silver Morning Glory Vine

Light Lavender

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

GC, Vine

to 3’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Forms small tuber, easy and prolific bloomer, can casually reseed, nice plant

   

Cordia boissieri

Texas-olive

White

Sun, AftSh

Medium-Low

Sm Tr, Lg Sh

10-20’ x 10-20’

1000’-2500’, Rio grande valley, TX, NM, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas

Full sun, tolerates reflected heat, showy white blossoms, fruit eaten by birds, prune to small tree, deciduous

   

Cordia parvifolia

Littleleaf Cordia

White

Sun

Low

Lg Sh

6’ x 8’

Sonora to Coahuila, Durango, Baja

Showy flowers, cold hardy, flowers are eaten by rabbits & desert tortoise, tough plant

   

Coreocarpus arizonicus

Little Lemonhead

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great pollinator nectar plant, can reseed

   

Coryphantha recurvata

Golden Beehive Cactus

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Ca

1’ x 1’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Cruz County Native

Hard to find

   

Coursetia glandulosa

Coursetia, Baby Bonnets

Yellow & White

Sun/Partial

Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 12’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, nice local shrub, uncommon in landscaping

   

Crossosoma bigelovii

Ragged Rock Flower, Ryolite Bush

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

2000 - 5500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Fragrant flowers, very tough once established

   

Cucurbita digitata

Finger Gourd, Coyote Gourd

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Vine

to 6’+

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Forms tuber, very tough once established, large flowers and small round gourds

   

Cuphea llavea

Bat-faced Cuphea

Red or Lavender

Partial

Medium

WF, Sm Sh

2’ x 3’

Alamos, Sonora

Hummingbird pollinated, likes a warm spot in the winter

   

Cydonia oblonga

Kino Heritage Quince

Pink

Full,Partial

Medium-High

Tr

10 - 15’

Southern Arizona Heirloom trees

Currently growing about 4 localities of Quince

   

Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa

Buckthorn Cholla

Variable

Full

Very Low

Ca

3’ to 5’+

1000 - 3000’, Tucson Mtn Native

Good nesting habitat for birds, typically has a sprawling habit

   

Cylindropuntia arbuscula

Pencil Cholla

Variable

Full,Partial

Very low

Ca

typically 4’x 4’

1000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Nice small/medium sized cholla, easy to work with

   

Cylindropuntia bigelovii

Teddy Bear Cholla

Greenish-yellow to White

Full

Very low

Ca

4’ to 7’

1000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Densely covered with bright spines, great bird habitat or barrier plant

   

Cylindropuntia fulgida

Chain-fruit Cholla

Variable

Full

Very low

Ca

5’ to 7’

1000 - 3500’, Santa Catalina &  Tucson Mtn Native

Great nesting habitat for birds

   

Cylindropuntia kleinae

Klein’s Cholla

 

Full,Partial

Very low

Ca

to 4’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Great nesting habitat for birds

   

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis

Christmas Cholla

Pale Yellow or Green

Full,Partial

Very low

Ca

typically 3’x3’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Red Fruits in wintertime, nice small branched easy to work with cholla

   

Cylindropuntia molesta

Cholla

Pink

Full

Very low

Ca

4’+

Baja, Sonora

Huge attractive spines make this a very showy and unusual species

   

Cylindropuntia ramosissima

Diamond Cholla

Bronze

Full

Very low

Ca

3’ x 4’

Western Arizona, below 3000’

Full sun, various soils, grows in lower Sonoran/Mohave desert, very tough

   

Cylindropuntia spinosior

Cane Cholla

Variable

Full

Very low

Ca

5 to 7’

3500 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Upright Cholla, great for birds

   

Cylindropuntia tesajo

Baja Pencil Cholla

Yellow

Full

Very low

Ca

1’ x 2’

Baja, Mexico

Spreading low growing cholla, cold hardy to at least 15 degrees

   

Cylindropuntia versicolor

Staghorn Cholla

Variable

Full

Very low

Ca

6 to 8’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Nice upright Cholla, great for nesting bird habitat

   

Dalea albiflora

White Prairie Clover

White

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

3000 - 7500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, fragrant foliage, good pollinator plant, late summer bloomer

   

Dalea bicolor var. bicolor

Twincolored Priaire Clover

Blue

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

Sonora, Mexico

Nice large shrub, rich blue flowers

   

Dalea bicolor v. orcuttiana

Fragrant Dalea

Lavender

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Baja & Sonora

Deliciously fragrant foliage, makes a great tea, great nectar, butterfly larval source

   

Dalea capitata

Lemon Dalea

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

GC

1’ x 3’

Western Texas, Chihuahuan Desert

Great lemony fragrance to foliage, unusual dalea, typically blooms during late summer

   

Dalea formosa

Feather Dalea

Dark Purple

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Likes good drainage, butterfly larval source, small compact foliage, spring bloomer

   

Dalea frutescens

Black Dalea

Purple

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Western Texas, Chihuahuan Desert

Pleasant citrus odor for foliage, fall bloomer

   

Dalea greggii

Trailing Indigo Bush

Lavender

Full

Low

GC

2’ x 4’

Western Texas, Chihuahuan Desert

Good erosion control, forms nice moumnd, butterfly larval source

   

Dalea lutea

Yellow Bush Dalea

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

 

Fall bloomer,  butterfly larval source

   

Dalea pringlei

Pringle’s Prairie Clover

Purple with yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Nice upright form for a small plant, butterfly larval source

   

Dalea pulchra

Bush Dalea

Pink

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

4’ x 3’

2500 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Likes good drainage, showy when in bloom, butterfly larval source

   

Dalea tomentosa

 

Lavender

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Sonora, Mexico

A little frost sensitive, but really unusual foliage for a Dalea

   

Dalea versicolor v.  sessillis

Oakwoods Prairie Clover

purple or pink

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 4’

4000 - 6200’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great performer, butterfly larval source, flowers from Fall to Spring

   

Dasylirion longissimum

Toothless spoon

White

Full,Partial

Low

Su

5’ x 5’

Tamaulipas to Hidalgo

Great accent plant

   

Dasylirion wheeleri

Desert Spoon, Sotol

White

Full,Partial

Low

Su

4’ x 5’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn  Native

Great accent plant

   

Datura wrightii

Sacred Datura

White

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 6’

1000 - 6500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Intensely fragrant flowers, sphinx moth larval source, easy and beautiful in the summer

   

Deschampsia elongata

Slender Hairgrass

 

Partial

Medium

Gr

2’ x 2’

5000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina and Pinaleño Mtns.

Requires good drainage

   

Desmanthus cooleyi

Cooley’s Bundleflower

White

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Great butterfly larval source, attractive plant

   

Desmodium batocaulon

San Pedro Tickclover

Lavender

Partial

Medium

GC

1’ x 3’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, nice groundcover for partial shade

   

Desmodium cinerascens

Spiked Tickclover

Pink

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, one of the few upright Desmodium species in Arizona

   

Dicliptera resupinata

Twin dropseed

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, tough & local, can handle fun, partial or full shade, can reseed

   

Digitaria californica

Arizona cottontop

 

Sun, Partial

Low

Gr

3’ x 2’

1000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Nice early summer bloomer, reseeds, great Desert Tortoise plant

   

Distichlis stricta (

Salt grass

 

Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

1’ x mat

1000 - 7000’, Originally native to Santa Cruz River

Salt tolerant, various soils, likes wetter areas, good gray water plant, spreads by runners

   

Dodonea viscosa

Hopseed bush

Green

Sun, Partial

Low

Lg Sh

6 - 8’ Tall

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Great screen plant, fast grower, evergreen

   

Dyssodia pentachaeta

Dogweed

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

WF, GC

1’ x 1’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, reseeds, great small groundcover, good nectar source

   

Ebenopsis ebano

Texas-ebony

White

Sun

Low

Sm Tr

8’ to 12’

Texas Native

Tolerates hot west sun, evergreen, slow growing

   

Echinocereus bonkerae

Bonker’s Hedgehog

Bright Magneta to Purplish

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Requires good drainage, very showy with short spines

   

Echinocereus brandegeei

Baja Strawberry Hedgehog

Magenta

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

2’ x 2’

Baja California

Very showy flowers

   

Echinocereus coccineus

Red Hedgehog

Red to Pink

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

2’ x 2’

3000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

     

Echinocereus engelmannii

Engelmann’s Hedgehog Cactus

Magenta

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

1’ x 2’

1500 - 5000’, Pima & Pinal Counties Native

     

Echinocereus fascicularis

Strawberry Hedgehog

Pink to Red

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

2’ x 2’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

     

Echinocereus rigidissimus var. rigidissumus

Arizona Rainbow Hedgehog

Magenta

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

1’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Needs really good drainage

   

Echinocereus rigidissimus var. rubispina

Ruby Rainbow Hedgehog

Magenta

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

1’

Native to extreme southeastern Arizona & Sonora Mexico

Needs good drainage

   

Echinocereus triglochidiatus

Claret Cup Hedgehog

Orange to Red

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

1’ x 2’

2500 - 5000’, Cochise County Native

     

Elymus elymoides

Bottlebrush Squirreltail

 

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

2’ x 2’

3500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Attractive large flowering seedheads

   

Encelia farinosa

Brittlebush

Yellow

Full

Low

Sh

3’ x 4’

1000 - 3000’, Tucson Native

Desert Tortoises love flowers, great spring color

   

Encelia frutescens

Green Brittlebush

Yellow

Full

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina Mtn native

     

Ephedra aspera (E. nevadensis)

Joint-fir, Mormon tea

Yellowish

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Tough, makes delicious red tea, medicinal/stimulating

   

Ephedra viridis

Joint-fir, Mormon tea

Yellowish

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

3000 - 7000’, Northern Arizona Native

Same as above

   

Eragrostis intermedia

Plains Lovegrass

 

Full,Partial

Low

Gr

2’ x 3’

2000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Attractive purplish flowers in the late summer, nice airy appearance

   

Ericameria laricifolia

Turpentine Bush

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

4’ x 4’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Late fall flowers, great late season nectar source, fragrant foliage, evergreen

   

Ericameria nauseosa

Rabbitbrush

Yellow

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Cruz & Cochise Cty Native

Great fall nectar source, impressive when in bloom, great butterfly nectar plant

   

Erigeron colomexicanus

Running Fleabane

White w/pink

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh, WF

1’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

During monsoon season, plants will send off stolons (new plantlets)

   

Erigeron divergens

Spreading fleabane

White

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh, GC

1’ x 1.5’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Short lived, but reseeds readily, great butterfly nectar source

   

Erigeron speciosus

Showy fleabane

Pink

Partial

Medium

Sm Sh, GC

1.5’ x 1.5’

6000-9000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Large beautiful flowers, somewhat evergreen in Tucson

   

Eriogonum fasciculatum v. poliofolium

Flattop Buckwheat

White or Purple

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

3’ x 4’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Likes drainage, butterfly larval source, relished by Desert Tortoises

   

Eriogonum wrightii

Wright Buckwheat

Pink

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3000-7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great late summer bloomer, butterfly nectar source, great accent plant

   

Erioneuron grandiflorum

Giant Fluffgrass

 

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

2’ x 2’

4000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Nice small bunchgrass with large tufted inflouresences

   

Erythrina flabelliformis

SW Coral Bean, Chilicote

Bright Red

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

4’ to 6’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Huge, showy flowers followed by large red seeds.  Hummingbird pollinated

   

Eupatorium greggii

Butterfly mist

Bluish purple

Full,Partial

Medium

Sm Sh, WF

3’ x 3’

3500 - 5000’, Santa Rita, Mustang & Dragoon Mtns

Incredible nectar source for butterflies & pollinators

   

Eupatorium sonorae

 

Bluish purple

Partial

Medium

Sm Sh, WF

2.5’ x 2.5’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great butterfly nectar plant

   

Eupatorium solidaginifolium

 

White

Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Blooms in monsoon seasons

   

Euphorbia antisyphilitica

Candelilla

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Su

1’ x 2’

Baja, sw TX, 100-3800’

Nice accent plant

   

Euphorbia heterophylla

Desert poinsettia

Whitish green

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 3500’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Reseeds readily, attractive reddish blushing on leaves, easy to grow, Tortoises love

   

Euphorbia xantii

 

White with pink

Sun

Low-Medium

Sh

4’ x 4’

Mexico

     

Eysenhardtia orthocarpa

Sonoran Kidneywood

White

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Tr

8’ - 14’ Tall

3500 - 5500’, Santa Rita & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, lovely small patio tree, medicinal tee plant

   

Eysenhardtia texana

Texas Kidneywood

White

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Tr

8’ - 14’ Tall

Texas Native

Extremely cold hardy, huge butterfly larval source, fragrant flowers

   

Fallugia paradoxa

Apache Plume

White

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

6’ x 4’

3500 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Dragoon Mtn Native

Member of the Rose Family, beautiful flowers followed by unusual seedheads

   

Ferocactus chrysacanthus

Twisted spine Barrel Cactus

Yellow

Sun

Low

Ca

3’ x 2’

Baja California

     

Ferocactus cylindraceus v. tortulospina

Yellowspine compass Barrel

Yellow to Red

Sun

Low

Ca

5’ x 2’

Baja California

     

Ferocactus emoryi

Red Barrel Cactus

Yellow

Sun

Low

Ca

4’ x 2’

1500 - 4500’, Pinal, Maricopa & Pima County Native

     

Ferocactus gracilis

Red Barrel Cactus

Red

Sun

Low

Ca

5’ x 2’

Baja California

Reddest of the Red Barrels, columnar species

   

Ferocactus rectispinus

Longspine Barrel

Red/Orange Flowers

Sun

Low

Ca

2’ x 2’

Baja California

Gorgeous flowers

   

Ferocactus wislizenii

Fishook Barrel

Yellow to Red

Sun

Low

Ca

6’ x 2’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Our local barrel cactus

   

Ferocactus viridescens

San Diego Barrel Cactus

Greenish

Sun

Low

Ca

1’ x 1’

Southern California Native & Northern Baja

Forms clumps, easy care

   

Festuca arizonica

AZ Fescue

   

Low

Gr

2-4’ clump

2500-9500’, n AZ to Pima Co

High forage value, fine blades, partial shade best at lower elev, wd soil

   

Ficus carica

Kino Heritage Fig

Green

Partial

Medium-High

Tr

from 8 to 12’ Tall

Southern Arizona Heirloom fruit trees

Several different localities and varieties currently in cultivation

   

Forestiera neomexicana

Desert-olive, New Mexico privet

Greenish

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Tr, Lg Sh

6’ - 10’ Tall

3000-7000’, Graham County Native

Male & Female Plants, produce edible berries eaten by birds, attractive white trunks

   

Fouquieria macdougalii

Mexican Tree Ocotillo

Red

Sun

Low

Su

12’ x 6’

Sonora, Sinaloa

Cold Hardy to about 18 degrees

   

Fouquieria splendens

Ocotillo

Red

Sun

Low

Su

12’ x 3’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, moth larval source

   

Fraxinus goodingii

Gooding Ash

White

Sun, Partial

Medium

Tr

6’ - 10’ Tall

3500 - 5000’, Santa Cruz County Native

     

Fraxinus greggii

Littleleaf Ash, Gregg Ash

White

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

6 - 10’ Tall

1200-6000’, w TX, NM, s AZ, n Mexico

Great small, evergreen tree (or upright shrub)

   

Fraxinus velutina

Velvet Ash

White

Sun, Partial

Medium

Tr

15 - 20’+

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly & Moth larval source, fast grower, likes water, good for graywater

   

Fraxinus velutina “Rio Grande"

Fantex Ash, Rio Grande Ash

White

Sun, Partial

Medium-low

Tr

25’ x 25’

A slightly more xeric plant found near El Paso

Fast growing, a little bit less water than our native ‘variety’

   

Galactia wrightii

Wright’s Milkpea

Light Purple

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Vine

to 4’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source

   

Galvezia juncea

Snapdragon Bush

Red

Sun

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Mexico

Hummingbird pollinated, a little bit frost sensitive (likes a warm spot)

   

Garrya wrightii

Silk Tassel

Yellowish

Partial

Medium-Low

Lg Sh

6’ to 8’

3500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Nice evergreen shrub, produces black berries, good bird plant

   

Geranium caespitosum

Native Geranium

Purple to Lavender

Partial

Medium-Low

WF

1’ x 1’

6000 - 9000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Long lived plants, will bloom in Tucson, does fantastic in a container, needs good drainage

   

Gossypium davidsonii

Davidson’s Hibiscus

Yellow with red

Sun

Low

Sh

5’ x 3

Sonora, Mexico

Showy flowers, nice upright growth habit, very attractive and tough plant

   

Gossypium harknessii

San Marcos-hibiscus

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

Sonora & Baja

Produces large yellow flowers during the hot summer months

   

Graptopetalum rusbyi

Rusby’ Stonecrop

Red with  Yellow & White

Partial or Shade

Low-Medium

Su

Several inches tall

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source (Xami Hairstreak), great rock plant/container plant

   

Guaiacum angustifolium

Guayacan, Soapbush

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Lg Sh

6’ to 8’

1600-4000’, w TX, s TX, ne Mexico

Beautiful shrub with gorgeous purple flowers, butterfly larval plant, frost hardy to low 20’s

   

Guaiacum coulteri

Guayacan

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

6’ to 8’

Sonora, Mexico

Same as above

   

Guara lindheimeri

Bee Blossom

Pink or White

Sun, Partial

Low to Med

WF

2’ x 2’

Western Texas, Chihuahuan Desert

Butterfly nectar source

   

Guardiola platyphylla

Apache Plant

White

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

3000 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Good butterfly nectar source, interesting foliage, better in partial shade

   

Gutierrezia sarothrae

Snakeweed

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sm Sh, WF

2’ x 2’

2000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Great tough plant, attractive when in bloom, good nectar source

   

Gymnosperma glutinosa

Gumhead

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

3500 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Santa Rita Mtn Native

Great monsoon/fall nectar source for pollinators

   

Haematoxylum brasiletto

Brazilwood

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Tr

10-20’ x 10-20’

Mexican west coast

Needs a warm spot, a little frost sensitive, beautiful tree, rarely used in landscaping

   

Hamelia patens

Firebush, Scarlet Bush

Red

Sun, Partial

Medium

Sh

4’ x 4’

Texas Native

Hummingbird and butterfly nectar source, showy, dies back in the winter

   

Haplophyton crooksii

Dwarf Desert Plumeria

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Great tough local plant, summer/fall bloomer

   

Havardia mexicana

Mexican-ebony, Palo Chino

White

Sun

Low

Tr

15 - 25’

Sonora and Baja

Cold hardy to about 15 degrees, slow growing

   

Havardia pallens

Tenaza

White

Sun

Low

Tr

20’ x 15-20’

Southern Texas & Northeastern Mexico

Butterfly larval source, flowers have a wonderful evening fragrance

   

Hechtia montana

False Agave, Mescalito

Cream

Sun, FilSun

Low

Su

1’ x 1’

Baja, Sonora, higher elev

Bromeliad family.  Grows by budding.  very wd soil, full sun or light shade

   

Hedeoma hyssopifolia

False Pennyroyal

Light Purple

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

5000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina and Rincon Mtn Native

Good butterfly nectar source, nice small compact plant in mint family

   

Hedeoma nana

Dwarf False Pennyroyal

Lavender

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Good butterfly nectar source, likes good drainage, great plant

   

Herrisantia crispa

Bladdermallow

Cream

Sun, Partial

Low

Gr

2’ x 3’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Great Desert Tortoise & native bee plant, interesting native groundcover

   

Hesperaloe funifera

Giant Hesperaloe

White

Sun

Low

Su

6’ x 6’

Northern Mexico

Great accent plant

   

Hesperaloe nocturna

Evening blooming Hesperaloe

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Su

5’ x 3

Sonora, Mexico

Great accent plant

   

Hesperaloe parviflora

Red Hesperaloe

Red

 

Low

Su

3’ x 4’

Central & sw TX, Coahuila, Mexico

Good hummingbird flowers, wd soils, good container plant, slow to moderate growth

   

Heteropogon contortus

Tanglehead

 

Sun, Partial

Low

Gr

2’ x 1’

1000-6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Short-lived perennial bunchgrass (2-3 yrs), reseeds easily, wd soils preferred

   

Heterotheca subaxillaris

Camphorweed

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

1000’-5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Reseeds readily, medicinal, great pollinator nectar source in the late summer, annual

   

Hibiscus biseptis

Arizona Rosemallow

Yellow with red

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Herbaceous perennial, larger blooms than H. coulteri, very pretty, great bee plant

   

Hibiscus cardiophyllus

Heartleaved Hibiscus

Red

Full

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Western Texas, Chihuahuan Desert

Extremely tough, very showy, blooms in summer

   

Hibiscus coulteri

Desert Rose-mallow

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Woody perennial, gorgeous large flowers, great bee plant

   

Hibiscus denudatus

Rock Hibiscus

Lavender

Sun

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

1000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

One of the hardiest and showiest local Tucson native plants -recommended

   

Hibiscus lasiocarpus

Rockmallow

White

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

New Mexico & Texas Native

     

Hilaria belangeri

Curly mesquite

 

Sun

Low

Gr

6” x mat

2000-6500’, c TX to s AZ

Spreads by stolons, great forage grass, especially for Desert Tortoise

   

Hilaria mutica

Tobosa Grass

 

Sun

Low

Gr

3’ x 2’

2000 - 6000’, Tucson Mtn Native

Very tough grass

   

Hilaria rigida

Big galleta

 

Sun

Low

Gr

3’ x 3’

1000 - 5500’, Western Arizona

Long-lived bunch grass, the most drought tolerant grass in the western United States

   

Holacantha emoryi (Castella emoryi)

Crucifixion Thorn

Greenish Yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

8 to 12’ Tall

Below 2000’, Pima, Pinal & Maricopa County Native

Tough, thorny & menacing, hard to find at nurseries

   

Hyptis emoryi

Desert Lavender

Lavender

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

6’ x 5’

1000 - 3500’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Fragrant foliage, great nectar source for pollinators

   

Imperata brevifolia

Satin-tail

 

Partial

Medium

Gr

3’ x 3’

To 4500’ AZ, only known from 7 localities in Arizona

Probably the most attractive native grass, its range is shrinking nationally

   

Indigofera sphaerocarpa

Indigobush

Pink & White

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

4’ x 4’

3500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, a unique legume shrub, fast grower

   

Ipomoea longifolia

             

A state rare plant that is currently banned by the ARIZ Dept of Agriculture!!!!!

   

Ipomoea thurberi

             

A nationally listed very rare plant that is currently banned by ARIZ Dept of Agriculture!

   

Ipomopsis aggreggata

Scarlet Gilia

Red

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

5000 - 8000’, Northern Arizona Native

Showy Red blooms, cool basal leave growth

   

Iris missiouriensis

Missouri Iris

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

WF

1’ x 1’

5000 - 9000’, Chiricihua & White Mtn Native

Only Iris native to Arizona, surprisingly tough in the desert

   

Isocoma acradenia

Alkali Goldenbush

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

1000 - 4000’, Pima, Pinal & Yuma County Native

Very tough and xeric once established, great pollinator nectar source

   

Isocoma tenuisecta

Burrowweed

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Great for revegetation, extremely tough, good nectar source in summer/fall

   

Isomeris arborea

Bladderpod

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

To 3900’, CA, Baja

Evergreen, very pretty when in bloom, tough, good nectar source

   

Jacquemontia pringlei

Pringle’s Clustervine

White

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Vine

to 8’

3000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Perennial native morning glory vine, strong bloomer

   

Janusia gracilis

Slender Janusia

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Vine

2’ to 5’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Extremely tough local plant, good Desert Tortoise plant

   

Jathropha cardiophylla

Limber Bush

White

Sun

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

1000 - 3500’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Interesting accent/specimen plant, great winter dormant look, unusual

   

Juglans major

Arizona Walnut

 

Sun, Partial

High

Tr

15 - 20’+

2000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Slow growing, produces edible nuts, good graywater tree, fragrant foliage

   

Justicia californica

Chuparosa

Red or Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 4’

1000 - 2500’, Tucson Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, can bloom during the wintertime

   

Justicia candicans

Red Justicia, Chichuahuan Honeysuckle

Red

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ x 3’

1500 - 3500’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Great hummingbird and butterfly nectar source

   

Justicia longii

Longflower Tubetongue

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Beautiful evening, early morning flowers, moth pollinated, beautiful in bloom

   

Justicia sonorae

Sonoran Honeysuckle

Light Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

Sonora, Mexico

Great hummingbird and butterfly nectar source, spreads, beautiful in the spring

   

Justicia spicigera

Mexican honeysuckle

Orange

Partial or Shade

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Northern Mexico

Evergreen, hummingbird pollinated, can handle full sun but does better with shade

   

Keckiella cordifolia

Heartleaf Keckiella

Red/Orange

Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’+

Southern California, below 4000’

Hummingbird pollinated

   

Koeberlinia spinosa

Allthorn, Crucifixion Thorn

White

Full

Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 6’

2000 - 5000’, Tucson Mtn Native

Great barrier plant birds like black berries, extremely tough

   

Lachnostoma arizonicum

Arizona Ribpod Milkweed Vine

White

Full,Partial

Low

Vine

To 5’

3000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, interesting large seedpods hang on the vines for a long time

   

Lagascea decipiens

Lagascea

Yellow

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ - 5’

3000-4500’, Atascosa & Baboquivari Mtn Native

Butterfly larval & nectar source, showy prolific bloomer, likes a warm spot

   

Larrea tridentata subsp. divaricata

Creosote Bush

Yellow

Full

Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 8’

1000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

The ultimate desert plant, amazing fragrance after rains, blooms constantly, evergreen

   

Lasianthera podacephala

San Pedro Daisy

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3000 - 5000’, Rincon & Pajarito Mtn Native

Good pollinator nectar plant

   

Leptochloa dubia

Green sprangletop

 

Full,Partial

Low

Gr

4’ x 2’

2500-6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, nice upright larger grass

   

Leucophyllum candidum

Violet Silverleaf

Violet

Full

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Southwestern Texas

Whitish foliage contrasts nicely with dark purple flowers, small “Ranger”, very tough

   

Leucophyllum frutescens

Texas Ranger, Texas-sage

Light Purple

Full

Low

Sh

7’ x 7’

1000-4500’, sw TX, ne Mexico

Cold hardy to 0 degrees, profusion of blooms in summer, evergreen & tough

   

Leucophyllum laevigatum

Chihuahuan Rainsage

Lavender

Full

Low

Sh

4’ x 5’

4000-7800’, Chihuahua, Coahuila

Coldy hardy, evergreen, impressive in bloom, a unique ‘Ranger’

   

Leucophyllum pruinosum

Fragrant Ranger, Bubblegum Sage

Dark Purple

Full

Low

Sh

6’ x 6’

Northern Mexico

Wonderfully fragrant flowers have strong scent of grape bubblegum

   

Leucophyllum zygophyllum

Blue Ranger

Bluish

Full

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

Northern Mexico

Nice smaller “Ranger”, nice compact foliage

   

Linum lewisii

Blue Flax

Blue

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

3500 - 7500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Reseeds, beautiful flowers

   

Lippia graveolens

Mexican Oregano

White

Full,Partial

Medium

Sh

5’ x 5’

NM, TX, n Mexico

Great butterfly & hummingbird nectar plant, great quality culinary herb

   

Lippia nudiflora

Frog fruit

White

Partial

Medium

GC

6’ x mat

Texas Native

Host plant for Phaon Crescent butterfly, spreads rapidly by runners with enough water

   

Lobelia cardinalis

Cardinal Flower

Red

Full,Partial

Medium

WF

2’ x 2’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Hummingbird & butterfly nectar source, gorgeous plant, likes water

   

Lobelia laxiflora

Sierra Madre Lobelia

Light Red with Orange

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

3000 - 5000’, only known from the Pajarito & Rincon Mtns

Tougher than L. cardinalis

   

Lonicera albiflora

White Honeysuckle

White

Partial

Medium

Vine

to 8’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Rita & Huachuca Mtn Native

Woody vining ‘shrub’, moth pollinated, produces berries

   

Lonicera interrupta

Chapparal Honeysuckle

White

Partial

Medium

Vine

to 8’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Woody vining ‘shrub’, moth pollinated, produces berries, showier than L. albiflora

   

Lophocereus schotti

Senita

Pink

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

10’ x 12’

1000-2000’, Native to Organpipe, AZ & Sonora

Frost sensitive, requires warm location, edible fruit

   

Lophocereus schottii var. monstrosus

Totem Pole Cactus

 

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

10’ x 10’

Baja

No spines, nurse plant helps growth

   

Lycium andersonii

Anderson Wolfberry

Lavender

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

5’ x 5’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Edible red berries loved by birds & people, incredible wildlife plant

   

Lycium berlandieri

Narrowleaf Wolfberry

Lavender

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

5’ x 5’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Edible red berries loved by birds & people, incredible wildlife plant

   

Lycium brevipes

Baja Wolfberry

Lavender

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

8’ x 10’

Baja

Delicious berries, highly productive, surprisingly cold hardy to over 4500’, fast

   

Lycium exsertum

Thornbush

White to pale purple

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

5’ x 5’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Edible red berries loved by birds & people, incredible wildlife plant

   

Lycium fremontii

Fremont Wolfberry

Lavender

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

5’ x 5’

1000 - 3500’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Edible red berries loved by birds & people, incredible wildlife plant

   

Lycium pallidum

Paleleaf Wolfberry, Tomatillo

Green

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

4’ x 6’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Huge green flowers, massive berries & leaves, very unusual Wolfberry, the herbalists choice

   

Lycurus setosus

Wolftail

 

Full,Partial

Low

Gr

1.5’ x 1.5’

4000-6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

High forage value, wonderful small bunchgrass, great accent grass

   

Lysiloma microphylla v thornberi

Desert-fern, Feather Tree

White

Full,Partial

Low

Tr

16’ x 18’

In US, only in the Rincon Mountatins, 2800-4000’, Sonora

Beautiful thornless, shade tree, is frost sensitive above 3000’

   

Machaeranthera asteroides

Aster

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5500’, Pima County Native

Great butterfly nectar source, spreads readily from seed

   

Machaeranthera tanacetifolius

Tansyleaf Aster

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5500’, Pima County Native

Great butterfly nectar source, spreads readily from seed, beautifly lacy foliage

   

Macroptilium atropurpureum

Bloodred Beanvine

Wine Red or Purplish

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Vine

To 15’

4000’, Baboquivari & Coyote Mountain Native

Striking burgundy blossoms, sun (aft shade best in low desert)

   

Macroptilium gibbosifolium

Variableleaf Bushbean

Orange

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Vine

To 5’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

     

Macrosiphonia brachysiphon

Huachuca Rocktrumpet

White

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Sweet fragrant, large flowers in summertime, moth pollinated

   

Malvaviscus drummondii

Turk’s Cap

Red

Partial or Shade

Med

Sh

4’ x 3’

Mexico

Best in shade or understory.  Bright red blossoms, hummingbirds

   

Marsdenia edulis

 

White

Partial

Low-Medium

Vine

To 10’+

Alamos, Sonora

Forms corky stalks, male & female plants, immature fruit is eaten similar to mango

   

Marina parryi

Parry marina

Purple with White

Sun

low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Interesting little plant, available occasionally

   

Mascagnia lilacia

Purple Mascagnia

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Vine

to 15’

Coahuila Mexico

Evergreen, beautiful flowering vine, slow at first but then takes off after 2nd year

   

Mascagnia macroptera

Yellow Orchid-vine

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Vine

to 15’

Baja, Sonora

Good evergreen vine

   

Maurandya antirrhiniflora

Snapdragon-vine

Purple or Red

Partial

Low

Vine

to 8’

1500-6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, pretty flowers, can reseed, great small vine

   

Melampodium leucanthum

Blackfooot Daisy

White

Sun

Low

Sm Sh

2’x 2’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Very tough plant, typically grows on limestone, good nectar source

   

Menodora scabra

Rough Menodora

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Tough plant

   

Mentha arvensis

Wild Mint

Whitish pink

Partial

Medium

GC

1’ x 2’

5000 - 8000’, Chiricahua & White Mtn Native

The only true mint native to Arizona, absolutely delicious

   

Mimosa biuncifera

Catclaw Mimosa

White

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

6’ x 6’

2000-6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

The everlovable Catclaw mimosa, butterfly larval source, great barrier plant

   

Mimosa dysocarpa

Velvetpod Mimosa

Lavender

Sun

Low-Medium

Sh

4’ x 5’

3500-6500, Santa Rita & Pajarito Mtn Native

Considered to be the showiest of our four native Mimosa species, butterfly larval source

   

Mimosa laxiflora

Arizona Mimosa

Pink

Sun

Low-Medium

Sh

5’ x 4’

1000 - 3000’, Tucson Mtn Native

Attrractive upright growth habit, pretty and unusual plant, butterfly larval slurce

   

Mirabilis longiflora

Evening scented Four O’Clock

White with purple stamen

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Fragrant evening flowers, moth pollinated & larval source, forms large tuber, summer bloomer

   

Mirabilis multiflora

Showy Four O’Clock

Magenta

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Large showy flowers, moth larval source, forms large tuber, easy once established

   

Morus microphylla

Western Mulberry

Pale Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Tr

from 6 to 10’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Originally native to Tucson, good bird plant, small edible fruits, easy & local

   

Muhlenbergia dubioides

Box Canyon Muhly

 

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

3’ x 3’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Santa Rita Mtn Native

State listed rare plant, our seed was collected from the type locality, butterfly larval source

   

Muhlenbergia dumosa

Bamboo-muhly

 

Partial

Medium

Gr

4’ x 4’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, beautiful graceful bunchgrass, great as a patio plant or container plant

   

Muhlenbergia emersleyi

Bull Grass

 

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

3’ x 4’

3500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Attractive large bunchgrass, butterfly larval source

   

Muhlenbergia longiligula

Longtongue Muhly

 

Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

3’ x 3’

5000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina and Rincon Mtn Native

Similar to M. emersleyi, but with longer ligules

   

Muhlenbergia polycaulis

Cliff Muhly

 

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Whitish seedheads are striking, very pretty grass

   

Muhlenbergia porteri

Bush-muhly

 

Sun

Low

Gr

3’x 3’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Purplish flowers in August, high forage value, extremely tough, loved by Desert Tortoises

   

Muhlenbergia rigens

Deer Grass

 

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

3’ x 4’

2500-7000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

High forage value

   

Muhlenbergia straminea

Screwleaf Muhly

 

Partial

Medium

Gr

3’ x 3’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Interesting Muhly grass, older leaf blades curly up adding a distinctive appearance

   

Nicotiana obtusifolia

Desert Tobacco

White

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh, WF

2’ x 1’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Good nectar source, can bloom throughout the year, reseeds readily

   

Nolina bigelovii

Bigelow Nolina

White

Full,Partial

Low

Su

8’ x 6’

To 3500’, se CA, w AZ, Baja and Sonora

Full sun and wd soils are key

   

Nolina microcarpa

Beargrass, Sacahuista

White

Full,Partial

Low

Su

5’ x 5’

3000-6500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Great accent plant, very tough and durable

   

Oenothera caespitosa

Tufted Evening primrose

White

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh, WF

1’ x 1.5’

4000-7500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Beautiful large flowers, sphinx moth larval and nectar source, can reseed, likes good drainage

   

Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima

Hooker’s Evening Primrose

Yellow

Full,Partial

Medium

sh

5’ x 2’

3500’-9000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Flower stalks produce a huge number of blooms, reseeds readily, birds love seeds

   

Olneya tesota

Desert Ironwood

Pink

Full,Partial

Low

Tr

15 - 20’+

1000 - 2500’, Tucson Mtn Native

Requires good drainage, slow growing, edible tasty seeds, beautiful when in bloom

   

Opuntia basilaris

Beavertail Cactus

Pink

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

3’ x 4’

1000 - 3000, Western Arizona

Edible fruits, loved by specialized native bees, great for birds and animals

   

Opuntia macrocentra

Long-spine Prickly Pear

Yellow with Red

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

3’ x 4’

3000 - 5000’, Pima & Maricopa County Native

Same as above

   

Opuntia phaecantha

Sprawling Prickly Pear

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

3’ x 5’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Same as above

   

Opuntia santa-rita

Santa Rita Prickly Pear

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Ca

3’ x 4’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Rita Mountain Native

Attractive purplish pads, edible fruits, great for specialized native bees

   

Oxalis metcalfei (O. alpina)

Alpine woodsorrel, Alpine clover

Lavender

Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

1’ x 1’

5000 - 9000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Forms little bulbs, spreads by bulbs, showy when in bloom, great in containers

   

Panicum obtusum

Vine Mesquite Grass

 

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

1’ x mat

1000-6000’, Originally native to Santa Cruz River

Low spreading grass, spreads by runners, good forage value

   

Panicum oligisanthes v. scribnerianum

Scribner’s Rosette Grass

 

Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

1’ x 1’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Wided bladed rosette, unusual, large seeds eaten by birds, available occasionally

   

Pappophorum vaginatum

Pappusgrass

 

Full

Low

Gr

3’ x 3’

1000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Very tough, reseeds and can naturalize, birds like to eat seeds

   

Parthenium incanum

Mariola

White

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Evergreen, great smell to the foliage, flowers are said to be fragrant at night

   

Parthenocissus inserta

Arizona Creeper

White

Partial or Shade

Medium

Vine

To 15’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Woody perennial, foliage turns red in the fall, birds like berries, moth larval source

   

Passiflora arizonica

Arizona Passion Flower

Blue with White

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Vine

To 20’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Cruz County Native

Takes full sun, likes warm spot, butterfly larval source, edible fruits, flowers in late afternoon

   

Passiflora bryonioides

Cupped Passion Vine

White

Partial

Medium

Vine

To 15’

3500 - 4500’, Santa Cruz County Native

Butterfly larval source, glabrous fruits with nipple, edible fruits, hardy plant

   

Passiflora mexicana

Mexican Passion Flower

Purple & White

Partial

Medium-Low

Vine

To 15’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, unique looking Passiflora sp., fruits unedible, unique fragrance

   

Pavonia lasiopetala

Texas Rock Rose

Pink

Sun

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Western Texas, Chihuahuan Desert

Very tough and hardy, showy flowers

   

Pedilanthus macrocarpus

Slipper Plant

Light Red

Partial

Low

Su

4’ x 4’

Baja desert plains

Evergreen, great container plant or in ground in warm spot, showy flowers, hummingbirds

   

Peniocereus greggii

Night Blooming Cereus

White

Partial or Shade

Low

Ca

to 3’+

1000 - 3000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Blooms one night a year, animals eat fruits, huge beautiful flowers, large tuber

   

Peniocereus striata

Dalia-rooted Cactus

Pink (occasionally white)

Partial or Shade

Low

Ca

to 2’+

Below 2000’, Organpipe National Monument

Spreads by dahlia-like tubers

   

Penstemon barbatus

Scarlet Bugler

Red to Pink

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

WF

To 4’

4500 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Blooms in April in Tucson, hummingbird pollinated, can reseed

   

Penstemon dasyphyllus

Cochise County Beardtongue

Blue

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

WF

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Huge blue flowers make this an extremely desirable plant, usually found on limestone

   

Penstemon eatonii

Firecracker Penstemon

Coral

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

WF

3’ x 3’

2000 - 7000’, Pinal County Native

Long lived perennial, showy when in bloom, tough, hummingbird pollinated

   

Penstemon palmeri

Palmer Penstemon

Lavender

Sun, Partial

Medium

WF

To 3’

3500 - 6500’, Northern Arizona Native

Large showy flowers

   

Penstemon parryi

Parry Penstemon

Pink

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

WF

To 3’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Our local species and the easiest to grow, hummingbird pollinated, can reseed

   

Penstemon pseudospectabilis

Canyon Penstemon

Bright Pink

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

WF

To 3’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Hummingbird pollinated, clasping serrated leaves

   

Penstemon superbus

Superb Penstemon

Coral

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

WF

To 3’

3500 - 5500’, Cochise & Graham County Native

Striking when in bloom, forms large clump, hummingbird pollinated  

   

Phaseolus grayanus

Gray’s Beanvine

Pink

Partial

Medium

Vine

4-5’

5000 - 9000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

     

Philadelphus microphyllus

Littleleaf Mockorange

White

Partial

Medium

Sh

5’ x 5’

5000 - 9000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Fragrant flowers, pretty plant, great as understory with good drainage

   

Pinus edulis

Pinyon Pine

 

Partial

Medium-Low

Tr

10’ to 15’ Tall

4000 - 8000’, Northeastern Arizona Native

Edible pine nuts, slow growing, needs decent drainage

   

Pluchea sericea

Arrow-weed

Lavender

Sun

Medium-Low

Sh

From 6’ to 10’ Tall

1000 - 4000’, Pima & Santa Cruz County Native

Spreads by runners, forms patch, great screen plant, stalks can be used for thatching

   

Plumbago scadens

Plumbago, Leadwort

White

Partial or Shade

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 3’

2000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, great shade plant, easy to grow

   

Poliomintha incana

Rosemary Mint

Pale Lavender

Sun

Low

Sh

4’ -5’

3600-6000’, Northern Arizona Native

Great fragrance to foliage, makes a delicious and refreshing tea, very hardy

   

Poliomintha maderensis

Lavender Spice, Mexican Oregano

Lavender

Full,Partial

Medium

Sm Sh

3’ x 3’

Mexico

Coldy hard to 0 degrees, high quality Mexican Oregano for cooking, very showy too

   

Porophyllum gracile

Odora, Herba de Venado

White

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Fragrant foliage, moth larval source, very unique accent plant

   

Probosocidea altheafolia

Perennial Devil’s Claw

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

1000 - 4000’, Santa Catalina, Santa Rita & Tucson Mtn Native

Forms large tuber, big showy flowers, very tough, cool seedpods

   

Proboscidea parviflora

Annual Devil’s Claw

Pink

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Forms unusual seedpods, annual species but reseeds readily, sold during summer

   

Prosopis pubescens

Screwbean mesquite

Yellow

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Tr

15’ x 15’

1000 - 4000’, Pima & Cochise County Native

Cool corkscrew beanpods, requires occassional supplemental irrigation

   

Prosopis velutina

Velvet mesquite

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Tr

25’ x 25’

1000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source,

   

Prunus serotina

Chokecherry

White

Partial or Shade

Medium

Tr

6 to 8’+

4000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, attractive striped trunk, nice little upright shrubby tree

   

Psidium guajava

Kino Heritago Tropical Guava

White

Partial

Medium

Tr

6 to 10’

300 year old Heirloom Trees from missions in Baja, Mexico

Fragrant flowers, tasty fragrant fruit high in Vitamin C, leaves high source of Quercetin

   

Psilostrophe cooperi

Paperflower

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh, WF

1 x 1.5

2000’-5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Tough local plant, good nectar source

   

Ptelea trifoliata

Hop Tree

White

Partial

Medium-Low

Tr

5 - 6’ Tall

4000 - 6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source (Giant & Twotailed Swallowtails), unusual, fragrant foliage

   

Punicia granatum

Kino Heritage Pomegranite

Red

Full,Partial

Medium

Tr

8’ x 8’

Kino Heritage Fruit Tree Project

Several different localities available, fruit from red to white (typically soft seeded)

   

Quercus emoryi

Emory Oak, Bellota

Yellow

Partial

Medium

Tr

10 - 20’ Tall

4000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Huge moth&butterfly larval source, edible acorns, evergreen

   

Quercus hypoleucoides

Silverleaf Oak

Yellow

Partial

Medium

Tr

10 - 15’

5000 - 9000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Unique oak, lower side of leaves are silverish color

   

Quercus turbinella

Scrub Oak

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Tr, Lg Sh

8’ x 8’

3500-7000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Our toughest native oak, especially at lower elevations, bluish tint to leaf color

   

Ratibida columnaris

Mexican Hat

Red & Yellow

Partial

Medium-Low

WF, Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

5000-7500’,  Santa Cruz County Native

Showy, easy to grow, spreads easily

   

Rhamnus californica ssp. ursina

California Buckthorn

Yellowish-white

Partial

Med

Lg Sh

6’ x 6’

3500-6500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Birds like black berries, moth larval source, nice understory

   

Rhus choriophylla

Mearns Sumac

White

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

8’ x 6’

4000-6000’, Rincon & Santa Rita Mtn Native

Evergreen, edible berries are relished by birds, incredible butterfly nectar source, tough

   

Rhus microphylla

Littleleaf Sumac

White

Full,Partial

Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 8’

3500-6000’, Rincon & Dragoon Mtn Native

A somewhat xeric Sumac species, edible berries loved by birds

   

Rhus ovata

Sugar Sumac

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Lg Sh

10’ x 10’

3000-5000’, Pinal County Native

Needs good drainage, large showy leaves, no water once established

   

Rhus trilobata

Lemonade Berry

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium

Sh

6’ x 6’

2500-7500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Edible berries, great bird plant, fragrant leaves, flowers smell like chocolate

   

Rhynchosia edulis

Snout bean

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Vine

3 to 8’

4000 - 5000’, Santa Cruz County Native

     

Rhynchosia senna

Texas Snoutbean

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Vine

To 8’

3500 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

     

Ribes aureum

Golden Currant

Yellow turning Red

Partial

Medium

Sh

to 5’

4000 - 6000’, Pima, Santa Cruz & Cochise County Native

Delicious edible berries, good bird plant, butterfly larval source

   

Ribes pinetorum

Pineland Gooseberry

Yellow

Partial or Shade

Medium

Sh

to 6’+

6000-9000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

A little crazy but fun, needs good drainage, tasty fruits, butterfly larval source

   

Robinia neomexicana

New Mexico Locust

Pink

Partial

Medium-High

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

8 to 15’

4000-8500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Beautiful large pink blossoms, spreads by runner, pretty but takes some water in Tucson

   

Rosa arizonica

Arizona Rose

Pinkish Purple

Sun, Partial

Medium

Sh

4’ x 4’

5000 - 9000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Surprisingly tough, spreads by runners, blooms in April, fragrant flowers, edible hips

   

Rosa fendleri

Fendler Rose

Pink

Full,Partial

Medium

Sh

5’ x 5’

5000 - 9000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Very sweet fragrant flowers, edible hips, spreads by runners, easy to grow

   

Rubus arizonensis

Arizona Blackberry

White

Partial

Medium

Gr

1’ x 5’+

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Tasty edible berries, spreads rapidly, good groundcover as understory

   

Ruellia brittoniana

Purple ruellia

Purple

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

Mexico

Old Tucson Favorite, spreads by runners, easy to grow

   

Ruellia nudiflora

Violet ruellia, Wild Petunia

Purple

Partial or Shade

Medium-Low

Sm Sh, WF

2’ x 2’

2000 - 4000’, Tucson Mtn Native

Large flowers, spreads readily from seed, butterfly larval source

   

Ruellia peninsularis

Baja Ruellia

Purple

Sun

Low

Sh

4’ x 5’

Baja, Sonora

Cold hardy to about 25 degrees

   

Salix goodingii

Gooding Willow

Yellow

Sun, Partial

High

Tr

15-20’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Takes a ton of water, only recommended with graywater, butterfly larval source

   

Salvia apiana

White Sage

Blue

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

5’ x 6’

Southern CA + Baja to 5000’

Very fragrant leaves, beautiful tall flowerspikes, requires really good drainage to survive

   

Salvia arizonica

Arizona Sage

Blue

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

5000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Does well in Tucson, likes well drained soil

   

Salvia blepherophylla

Eyelash Sage

Electric Red

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

Central Mexico

Great butterfly & hummingbird nectar plant, showy in bloom, evergreen, easy

   

Salvia chamaedryoides

Blue Sage, Ground Oak Sage

Blue

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh, GC

2’ x 2’

Higher elevation Chichuahuan Native

Evergreen, easy to grow

   

Salvia chionophylla

Snowflake sage

Blue

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

GC

1’ x 3-4’

Mexico

Spreading groundcover sage, blue flowers, full sun, also drapes well out of hanging pots

   

Salvia clevelandii

Chapparal Sage

Blue

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

4' x 4'

Southern California & Baja Native

Needs great drainage, very fragrant foliage, cold hardy to 4500’

   

Salvia davidsonii

Davidson Sage

Red

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

2.5’ x 2.5’

3500 - 5500’, Chiricuahua Mtn Native

Understory shrub, prefers filtered sun

   

Salvia farinacea

Mealycup Sage

Light Purple

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3500-6000’, s NM, w TX

Prefers limestone soils, dies back yearly.  Impressive purple/white flowers

   

Salvia greggii

Autumn Sage

Pink

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

2200’-8000’, TX and N. Mexico

Very tough, great butterfly & hummingbird nectar source, coldy hard to about 0 degrees

   

Salvia leucantha

Mexican Bush Sage

Purple

Sun, Partial

Medium

Sh

4’ x 6’

Mexico

Dies back in winter, but can be planted up to 4000’, great hummingbird plant

   

Salvia melissadora

Grape-scented Sage

Light Purple

Partial or Shade

Medium-Low

Sh

4-5’ x 3-4'

Mexico

Flowers have nice grape-scented fragrance, large shade loving Salvia

   

Salvia microphylla

Baby Sage

Red

Partial

Medium

Sh

4-5’ x 4-5’

Chihuahuan desert

Red blossoms, afternoon shade at lower desert elevations

   

Salvia parryi

Parry’s Sage

Blue

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3’ x 3’

3500 - 5000’, Santa Cruz County Native

Great butterfly nectar plant, pretty plant when full size

   

Sambucus mexicana

Mexican Elder-berry

Yellow

Full,Partial

Med

Sm Tr

15-20’ x 15’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Evergreen in winter, decidiuous in summer, edible berries, good bird plant

   

Sapium biloculare

Mexican Jumping-bean

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Lg Sh

12’ x 10’

sw AZ, Sonora, Baja, 1000-2500’

Evergreen, fragrant flowers, leaves somewhat poisonous, slightly frost sensitive

   

Scuttellaria potosina (S. tessellata)

Native skullcap

Lavender

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

3500 - 5000’, Rincon, Santa Rita & Pajarito Mtn Native

Interesting, somewhat tough plant in mint family, medicinal, nice flowers

   

Sedum cockerellii

Cockerell Stonecrop

White

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Su

10” x 3”

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Small succulent grows between rocks in s AZ mountain ranges.  Currently in production

   

Senecio longilobus

Threadleaf groundsel

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

3-4’ x 2’

2500-7500’, Pima, Santa Cruz & Cochise County Native

Great butterfly and pollinator nectar plant

   

Senna bauhinoides

Twinleaved Senna

Yellow

Full,Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source

   

Senna covesii

Desert Senna

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sm Sh

1.5’ x 2’

1000’-3000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, reseeds readily, short-lived perennial

   

Senna leptocarpa

Slimpod Senna

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Lg Sh

3’ to 5’ tall

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, fast growing, very showy flowers, upright growth habit

   

Senna lindheimeriana

Lindheimer Senna

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

5’ x 4’

4500’-5500’, Cochise County Native

Butterfly larval source, attractive fuzzy foliage, can reseed

   

Senna polyantha (S. goldmanii)

Baja Senna

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

Baja

Summer bloomer, butterfly larval source, attractive dark colored foliage

   

Senna wislizenii

Shrubby Senna

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Lg Sh

5’ x 5’

3000-5000’, Cochise County Native

Woody senna, attractive shrub, butterfly larval source, tough

   

Setaria macrostachya

Plains Bristlegrass

 

Sun, Partial

Low

Gr

3’ x 2’

2000-7000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Great for birds, they love the seeds

   

Sideroxylon (Bumelia) lanuginosum

Gum Bumelia

White

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

2500 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

In the Sapote Family, produces berries loved by birds, slow growing and rare

   

Silene laciniata

Cardinal Catchfly

Red

Sun, Partial

Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

5000 - 8000, Santa Rita & Chiricahua Mtn Native

Bold red flowers, hummingbird pollinated

   

Silene scouleri

Scouler’s Catchfly

Pale Lavender

Partial

Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

5000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

     

Simmondsia chinensis

Jojoba

Green

Sun, Partial

Low

Lg Sh

6’ x 6’+

1500-4000’, Santa Catalina & Tucson Mtn Native

Extremely tough, slow growing, evergreen, female plants produce nuts

   

Solidago missouriensis

Missouri Goldenrod

Yellow

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

4500 - 6500’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Probably our showiest native goldenrod, great nectar source

   

Solidago sparsiflora

Goldenrod

Yellow

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh, WF

2 - 3’ tall, spreads

2000-7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great nectar source for pollinators, forms a patch, easy to grow in partial shade

   

Solidago wrightii

Wright’s Goldenrod

Yellow

Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ tall, spreads

3000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Native

Great nectar source for pollinators, forms a patch, attractive foliage

   

Sophora secundiflora

Texas Mountain-Laurel, Mescal Bean

Purple

Sun

Low

Lg Sh

12’ x 10’

1000-5000’, c & w TX, NM, northern Mexico

Evergreen, slow grower, extremely fragrant flowers in spring

   

Spharalcea ambigua v. ambigua

Desert Globe Mallow

Orange

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

1000 - 3500’, Pima , Pinal & Maricopa County Native

Shortlived perennial, reseeds readily, butterfly larval source, great native bee nectar plant

   

Spharalcea ambigua v. rosacea

Rose Globe Mallow

Pink to Lavender

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

4’ x 4’+

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Forms goodsized shrub, butterfly larval source, blooms spring to fall, a performer

   

Spharalcea angustifolia

Narrow-leafed Mallow

Orange

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

2’ x 2’

2500 - 7000’, Tucson Native

Butterfly larval source, great nectar source for native bees, can reseed

   

Spharalcea fendleri

Fendler Mallow

Purple

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

3500 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Plants are slow to take over in Tucson, but can do well after a few years, beautiful flowers

   

Spharalcea laxa

Caliche Mallow

Orange with bright red stamens

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Sh, WF

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

The most common globemallow in the Catalina Mtns, butterfly larval, thrives in Caliche soils

   

Sporobolus airoides

Alkali Sacaton

 

Sun

Low

Gr

2’ x 1.5’

2000-5500’, Pima, Santa Cruz & Cochise County Native

Tolerant of variable soil types including saline

   

Sporobolus contractus

Spike dropseed

 

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

3’ x 3’+

1500 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Attractive large bunchgrass

   

Sporobolus cryptandrus

Sand Dropseed

 

Sun

Low

Gr

2-5’ bunch

1000 - 7000’, Originally native to Tucson

Likes sandy/well-drained soil, can reseed in good conditions

   

Sporobolus wrightii

Giant Sacaton

 

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

5’ x 5’+

2000-7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

High forage value for animals, great in a basin or ditch, a great big honking native grass

   

Stenocereus thurberi

Organ Pipe Cactus

   

Low

Ca

15’ x 12’

To 3000’, sw AZ, Baja, Sonora

Wd soil, full sun, slow growing

   

Stephanomeria pauciflora

Wire-lettuce, skeleton weed

Pale Lavender

Sun, Partial

Low

Sm Sh, WF

2’ x 2’

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Tucson & Rincon Mtn Native

Small much branched shrub, pink to lavender blossoms, understory

   

Stevia lemmonii

Lemmon Candy-leaf

White

Partial

Medium

Sh

2’ x 2’

2500’-5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

A Forest Service Species of Concern, shortlived but beautiful plant

   

Stipa comata

Needle ‘n Thread grass

 

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

3’ x 2’

3500 - 8500’, Pima County Native

Erect bunchgrass, grows in cool seasons, very good forage value, interesting seedheads

   

Stipa neomexicana

New Mexico feathergrass

 

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

3’ x 3’

3500 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Attractive spring bloomer, wild looking seedheads that drill themselves into the ground

   

Tagetes lemmonii

Mt. Lemmon Marigold

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ x 4’

3500 - 7500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Extremely fragrant foliage, great fall nectar source and splash of color

   

Tagetes lucida

Mexican Anise, Mexican Tarragon

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Mexico

Great culinary herb or as tea, fragrant foliage,  large blooms in the fall

   

Tecoma stans v. angustata

Arizona Yellowbells

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

5’ x 5’

3000 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great Moth larval source, large showy flowers during warm weather

   

Tephrosia vicioides

Red Hoarypea

Pink

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

WF

1.5’ x 1.5’

2500 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, unusual legume species

   

Tetramerium nervosum

Hairy Fournwort

White w/Purple

Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Butterfly larval source, unique flower bracts and seedpods, originally native to Tucson

   

Teucrium canadensis

Wild Germander

Lavender

Partial or Shade

Medium

Sm Sh, WF

2’ x 2’

3000 - 6000’ Originally native to Santa Cruz River

     

Thelemsperma longipes

Navajo Threadleaf Tea

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

WF

1’ x 1’

4000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Seedheads make aromatic tea, unique species, tufted basal leaves

   

Tithonia fruticosa

Mexican Sunflower Tree

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Medium

Lg Sh

8’ x 8’

Mexico

Butterfly larval and nectar source, good bee plant, extremely showy, frost sensitive

   

Tradescandtia occidentalis

Prairie Spiderwort

Purple

Partial

Medium-Low

Gr

1’ x 1’

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Grasslike plant with attractive purple flowers

   

Trichloris crinita

Twinflowered finger grass

 

Sun, Partial

Low

Gr

3’ x 3’

1000 - 4000’, Tucson Native

A very local and showy native bunchgrass, recommended

   

Trichostemma arizonica

Arizona Blue Curls

White & Blue

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh

2-3’ x 2-3’

3500 - 5500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Unique flowers during the summer/fall

   

Tridens muticus

Slim Tridens

 

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Gr

2’ x 1’

3000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Nice small bunchgrass, blooms late spring to fall

   

Trixis californica

Trixis

Yellow

Partial

Low

Sm Sh

2’ x 2.5’

2000’-4000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Great partial understory plant, good nectar source

   

Vallesia baileyana

Nacapule Jasmine

White

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 8’

Sonora, Mexico (Nacapule Canyon)

Evergreen, sweet fragrant flowers, incredible nectar source for butterflies, needs warm spot

   

Vallesia glabra

Pearlberry

White

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Lg Sh

8’ x 8’

Sonora, Mexico

Evergreen, needs warm spot, attractive flowers, edible berries

   

Vauquelinia californica

Arizona Rosewood

White

Sun

low

Lg Sh, Sm Tr

6’- 12’ Tall

2500 - 5000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Evergreen, slow growing, great screen plant, rather tough

   

Verbena bracteata

Bigbracted Verbena

Purple

Sun, Partial

Low-Medium

Sm Sh, GC WF

1’ x 2’

1000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina Mtn Native

Small, compact plant with little purple flowers and small leaves, reseeds, unique

   

Verbena gooddingii

Gooding Verbena

Purple

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sm Sh, GC WF

2’ x 2’

2000 - 5500’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Short lived perennial, reseeds, butterfly nectar source, fragrant flowers

   

Verbena macdougali

Macdougal Verbena

Purple

Partial

Medium

Sm Sh

2’ x 2’

6000 -  7500’, Northern Arizona Native

Tall flowerspikes make this verbena a little bit different, likes drainage

   

Viguiera deltoidea

Goldeneye

Yellow

Sun, Partial

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

2000 - 5000’, Pima County Native

Butterfly larval source, great nectar plant, tough

   

Viguiera stenoloba

Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye

Yellow

Sun

Low

Sh

3’ x 3’

Western Texas, Chihuahuan Desert

Extremely drought tolerant once established, nice when in bloom, great butterfly plant

   

Yucca arizonica (Y. baccata v. brevifolia)

Arizona Yucca

White

Sun, Partial

Low

Su

4’ - 6’ Tall

3000 - 5600’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Moth larval source

   

Yucca baccata v. baccata

 Banana Yucca

White

Sun

Low

Su

4’ x 6’

2000 - 7000’, Central & Northeastern Arizona Native

Moth larval source

   

Yucca brevifolia

Joshua Tree

White

Sun

Low

Su

6’ -12’ Tall

2500 - 3500’, Northwestern Arizona Native

Requires extremely well drained soil, light water in summer, grows slowly

   

Yucca elata

Soaptree Yucca

White

Sun

Medium-Low

Lg Su

6’ x 10’ Tall

2000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Moth larval source, edible flowers

   

Yucca rigida

Blue Yucca

White

Sun

Low

Lg Su

12’ x 5’

3300-5500’, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango

Multi-trunked, drought tolerant, nicely colored leaves

   

Yucca rostrata

Beaked Yucca

White

 

Low

Lg Su

12’ x 2.5’

sw TX, Coahuila, Chihuahua

Single trunk, soft leaves, very cold tolerant

   

Yucca rupicola

Twisted-leaf Yucca

White

Partial

Low

Su

2’ x 2’

Central Mexico

     

Yucca schottii

Mountain Yucca

White

Full,Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

4’ - 8’ Tall

4000 - 8000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Fast growing, smooth leaf margins, moth larval source

   

Zapoteca formosa subsp. schottii

Schott Stickpea, Schott’s Fairyduster

Purplish

Full,Partial

Low-Medium

Sh

4’ x 4’

3000 - 4500’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Likes good drainage, unusual hard to find plant, hummingbird pollinated, great dormant look

   

Zauschneria latifolia (Z. californica)

Hummingbird Trumpet

Red

Sun, Partial

Medium-Low

Sh

3’ x 4’

3000 - 7000’, Santa Catalina & Rincon Mtn Native

Great hummingbird and butterfly nectar source, moth larval source, showy blooms

   

Zephranthes candida

Whiteflowered Rainlily

White with yellow

Sun/Partial

Low

WF

1’ x 1’

Texas Native

Prolific bloomer, reproduces readily, can handle areas that flood periodically

   

Zephranthes drummondii

Drummond’s Rainlily

White

Sun/Partial

Low

WF

1’ x 1’

Native to West Texas

Attractive star-shaped white flowers, reproduces readily

   

Zephryanthes longifolia

Copper Rainlily

Yellow

Sun/Partial

Low

WF

1’ x 1’

3000 - 6000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Requires good drainage, reproduces from seed readily, slow growing

   

Zinnia acerosa

Desert Zinnia

White

Sun

Low

WF, GC

1’ x 1’

2000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Extremely tough plant once established

   

Zinnia grandiflora

Prairie Zinnia

Yellow

Sun

Low

WF, GC

1’ x 1’

4000 - 6500’, Cochise & Santa Cruz Cty Native

     

Zizyphus obtusifolia v. canescens

Gray Thorn

White

Sun/Partial

Low-Medium

Lg Sh

6’ x 8’

1000 - 5000’, Santa Catalina, Rincon & Tucson Mtn Native

Birds love purple berries, moth larval source

   
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     

 

 

 

 

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